Strelitzia reginae

An indigenous beauty to South Africa. Easily identified as the Bird of Paradise or Crane flower as it is commonly known. Flowers are a dark orange-yellow with blue. The flowering period of the Strelitzia is from autumn to winter. The leaves are long-stalked and oblong. Ideal to plant in clumps or individually in pots.

  • Hardy
  • Waterwise
  • Plant in full sun or semi-shade
  • Will grow to a height of 1.5 x 1.5m
  • 10l
  • 70040352



  • Strelitzia reginae is a monocotyledonous flowering plant indigenous to South Africa (the Cape Provinces and KwaZulu-Natal).
  • Common names include strelitzia, crane flower or bird of paradise, though these names are also collectively applied to other species in the genus Strelitzia.
  • Its scientific name commemorates the British queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
  • The plant grows to 2 m tall, with large, strong leaves 25–70 cm long and 10–30 cm broad
  • The leaves are evergreen and arranged in two ranks, making a fan-shaped crown.
  • The flowers stand above the foliage at the tips of long stalks. The hard, beak-like sheath from which the flower emerges is termed the spathe.
  • This is placed perpendicular to the stem, which gives it the appearance of a bird’s head and beak; it makes a durable perch for holding the sunbirds which pollinate the flowers.
  • The flowers, which emerge one at a time from the spathe, consist of three brilliant orange sepals and three purplish-blue or white petals.
  • Two of the blue or white petals are joined together to form an arrow-like nectary. When the sunbirds sit to drink the nectar, the petals open to cover their feet in pollen.
  • Strelitzia reginae is propagated by division or from seeds, and is a low-maintenance plant that is easy to grow in the garden
  • It is fairly tolerant of soil conditions and needs little water once established. If cared for well, they will flower several times in a year.
  • They will thrive in rich loamy soil, especially when they get plenty of water throughout the year.
  • They do well in full sun to semi-shade and respond well to regular feeding with a controlled release fertiliser and compost.
  • They are sensitive to cold and need to be sheltered from frost, as it can damage the flowers and leaves.
  • Strelitzia reginae is slow-growing and will not bloom until three to five years have passed since germination (though it can exceptionally flower at two years).
  • It flowers only when properly established and division of the plant may affect flowering patterns. The flowers are, however, quite long-lasting once they appear. Peak flowering is in the winter and early spring.